Cyclamen persicum since its appearance has become a favorite among indoor plants. It is actively used for landscaping both large rooms and small rooms. It became popular due to the bright flowers that bloom in early autumn. Although caring for a flower does not require creating special conditions and fulfilling special requirements, there are subtleties in this matter.
Historical information of cyclamen persicum
The first to grow cyclamen persicum in their homes and gardens were the Romans, to whom it owes its spread as a houseplant in Europe. Since then, a lot of its varieties and hybrids have been developed, in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, which are successfully used in office interiors, winter gardens, and apartments.
This is a tuberous plant. Tubers have a flattened rounded shape, and their diameter increases depending on the age of the flower. Most often, the diameter varies from 5-6 cm, but in adult specimens it sometimes reaches 5.5 inch. On the surface, you can see a lot of buds, from which leaves and pedicels will grow in the future. Decorative heart-shaped leaves. Growing from a dense basal rosette, they have a bright rich green color and are decorated with silvery streaks.
Flowers are arranged on dense and high legs that rise significantly above the foliage. The leg length ranges from 5 inch for dwarf varieties to 12 inch. A flowering plant cyclamen persicum can have up to 60 buds.
Cyclamen European and Persian Cyclamen
Caring for cyclamen in the home
At home, cyclamen persicum needs special conditions close to natural ones. Creating such conditions in an apartment is the main difficulty in breeding and maintaining these beautiful plants.
How to water a cyclamen persicum?
Regular watering is necessary for the Persian cyclamen when it is actively developing and blooming, that is, in the cold season. Make sure that the soil is not over-dried and not over-wet.
Experienced growers advise putting the pot with the plant in a tray with water for 15-20 minutes. If you water from a watering can, the water jet should flow down the wall of the pot, without affecting the leaf socket and the visible part of the tuber.
With the onset of a long summer sleep, the frequency of watering is significantly reduced. The flower is enough to moisten 1 time a week, sometimes you can even make a long pause.
As soon as the plant gives out the first leaves, they gradually return to regular watering.
The air quality of cyclamen persicum
The Persian cyclamen is normally only grown in pure air. Gas fumes or tobacco smoke are contraindicated. The room where the cyclamen is located must be frequently ventilated so that the air does not stagnate.
Also, pots with flowers should be placed at a sufficient distance from each other so that they are ventilated on all sides and rot does not form. But when airing, make sure that the plant is not in a draft.
Cyclamen persicum illumination and temperature conditions
This flower likes well-lit rooms, and the light should be diffused. Choose the Eastern or Western sides.
Important! Avoid contact with direct sunlight.
The optimal temperature for growing cyclamen is considered to be 68 °F. At the same time, the flower is much easier to tolerate a decrease in temperature. Abundant flowering often occurs in winter, when the room temperature drops to 64 °F. During the hot summer, when the temperature exceeds 77 °F, it is recommended to lower the flower in the basement or a cool room and provide it with artificial lighting.
Lighting is very important for the flower.
Period of rest
As soon as the flower begins to dry up and die off the foliage, this indicates that the period of rest begins. Reduce the frequency and abundance of watering, and this should be done gradually. And when the plant is completely bare, water it sparsely and infrequently.
The room where the plant is located is systematically ventilated. If possible, move it to the balcony, which is closed from the sun. In August or September, the Bush is moved to a well-lit place and begin to gradually increase watering. During the dormant period, the flower can be stored at home in another way: when the Bush blooms, watering is reduced, and when all the foliage dies off, the pot should be turned 90 degrees and in this position, it will be stored until the last summer or first autumn weeks.
Reproduction cyclamen persicum
To propagate and to plant Persian cyclamen indoors is possible by two methods: by seed and vegetatively.
It is considered that the seed method is less effective. Due to the fact that cyclamens are hybrid plants by nature, important varietal characteristics may be lost when growing them with seeds. In addition, seed propagation is a rather complex and complex procedure. For its correct implementation, it is necessary to pollinate the plant, collect the seeds, and then calibrate them. Only then begin the process of processing and sowing. And it is worth remembering that the seedlings themselves must be dived, fed and tempered, and only after that it is allowed to be planted. Cyclamen Persian, grown from seed, will bloom only in 1-2 years.
The vegetative method is simpler. However, in this case, it is also important to remember that the tuber can be subject to many negative influences (for example, rotting).
Why don’t cyclamens bloom?
Sometimes novice growers can not achieve flowering. If you want to get a flowering plant in the winter, you need to give it a chance to rest in the summer. Very often, Housewives see that the cyclamen does not lose its foliage and continue to water it. In response, the flower continues to grow green mass.
At the same time, the bulb is depleted. Therefore, in winter, this plant will never bloom. But it is also not necessary to over-dry the onion. This may lead to late activity in the winter. Cyclamens bloom in a moist and cool place.
Pruning and transplanting
Dry leaves and flowers are usually removed after the end of the flowering period. It is also recommended to remove the leaves before the beginning of the growing season.
The transfer is carried out in late August-early September. Before transplanting, the planters are soaked in water so that the soil is thoroughly wet. Transplanting is recommended to be done in a pot with a diameter of 1 inch larger than the previous one.
Formative pruning is not applied to the cyclamen persicum.
Diseases and pests of cyclamen persicum
If you notice that your cyclamen leaves turn yellow, then most likely the plant is susceptible to diseases or pests.
Botanists have found that most often the flower suffers from gray rot or Fusarium wilt. In order to cope with these ailments, it is necessary to water the plant with chemical solutions (“Fundazol” is suitable), spray with mineral agents (for example, “Topsin-M”), and also apply fungicides.
If you notice the presence of insect pests (mites, aphids, beetles, and others), then you need to resort to the help of acaricides and insecticides (for example, “Actars”).
On the esoteric side, cyclamen has a good effect on family relationships. Differences in the family between generations will disappear and peace and understanding will reign in the house.
- Has a beneficial effect on the person caring for cyclamen. It allows you to get rid of sudden mood swings and normalize sleep.
- By placing the plant in the bedroom, the couple will strengthen their bond and be able to have a child.
- А the aura of the plant cyclamen persicum protects against the influence of evil people and their envy.
- People who live in a house where there is cyclamen, gradually comes luck and inspiration, craving for new achievements and self-development.
- For people suffering from mental disorders, stress, depression, and anxiety, the plant gives peace of mind and good sleep.