Crystal anthurium crystallinum care guide at home
Exotic indoor plant anthurium crystallinum is considered one of the favorites among flower growers.
Bright, unusual appearance and eye-catching qualities have provided the anthurium crystallinum flower with great demand and popularity.
How to properly anthurium crystallinum care, and how to propagate it in apartment conditions, let’s understand.
Botanical description of the indoor anthurium crystallinum plant
Anthurium crystallinum Crispus is an herbaceous, evergreen perennial of the genus Anthurium of the family Araceae, native to the tropical regions of Central and South America.
At the moment there are about 500 varieties of the culture, but for home cultivation the hybrid forms are best suited.
Anthurium crystallinum refers to the category of ornamental and deciduous anthurium crystallinum plants, the main feature of which are large, heart-shaped leaves, which are 2 to 10 inches long and have a glossy, smooth surface.
On top of each leaf plate there are unique veins that create a unique pattern, reminiscent of the patterns on the surface of anthurium crystallinum. The epiphyte is characterized by a sturdy green stem, which is 7-8 inches high and 0.5-0.7 inches in diameter. The root system is represented by numerous short and thick rootlets.
During anthurium crystallinum flowering, the crop forms vertically spreading inflorescences of yellow-green color, looking like a corn cob, which is 3-4 inches long and consists of a large number of very small unsightly flowers.
After anthurium crystallinum flowering, the anthurium crystallinum produces fruits – narrow egg-shaped berries, about 1 cm long, white with a purple tint.
Home growing crystallinum anthurium conditions
Anthurium is a representative of exotic plants that grow in conditions of humid tropical forests, which is why it needs to create the appropriate microclimate.
Lighting anthurium crystallinum
The anthurium crystallinum prefers to grow in a well-lit, sunny place, but safely protected from direct sunlight.
The optimal location of the anthurium crystallinum flower will be windowsills on the east or west side of the apartment, where diffused light prevails.
Culture has an excellent shade tolerance, can grow on a windowsill on the north side, but please please flower will not be able to. In summer, it is recommended to remove the flower from the sun and place it on a table near the window. In winter, when there is a deficit of sunlight, it is necessary to organize additional lighting, for example, with phytolamps.
Temperature crystallinum anthurium
The tropical beauty feels great at temperatures of +20 … +25°C in the summertime and +16 … +18°C in the wintertime. The anthurium crystallinum plant is adversely affected by sudden temperature jumps, and also by too high or low temperatures, because of which it can die.
The culture belongs to moisture-loving flowers and prefers to grow in conditions of high air humidity, the optimal level of which varies from 70 to 90%.
In the hot period, when there is a deficit of moisture, it is recommended to spray the plant regularly, making sure that water does not get on the inflorescences, otherwise they begin to be covered with white spots and fall off.
To moisten the anthurium crystallinum flower, you can place damp sphagnum moss in a container near the stem. You can also additionally use irrigation devices, such as humidifiers.
In summer you can organize a tropical guest “bath” or “shower”, watering it from above with warm water and wiping the leaves dry with a dry cloth.
Peculiarities of home anthurium crystallinum care
Anthurium crystallinum is quite capricious crystallinum anthurium plant, which needs quality care to maintain its decorative appearance.
Watering anthurium crystallinum
The anthurium crystallinum plant likes regular and abundant watering, which in summer should be done every 2-3 days.
In winter, when the culture is dormant, the number of watering should be reduced to once a week. It is very important to always maintain a balance of soil moisture: do not allow it to dry out too much or, on the contrary, stagnant water in the container.
For irrigation measures should be used warm, soft, standing water with reduced lime content.
Specialists advise the practice of root irrigation, whereby, a few minutes after moistening, it is necessary to remove excess water from the tray.
Feeding anthurium crystallinum
During the period of active development and anthurium crystallinum care flowering – from May to September – the anthurium should be regularly fertilized, using liquid mineral or complex products. Since this variety of culture belongs to the ornamental-leaved, as fertilizers it is recommended to use nitrogen-containing preparations, the action of which is aimed at activating the growth of the green mass.
Fertilize the anthurium crystallinum plant from spring to autumn once every 14 days, combining fertilization with watering. In winter the flower does not need fertilizer.
Pruning anthurium crystallinum
During development, the lower leaves of the anthurium gradually die off and new ones appear at the top. Stems of the anthurium crystallinum flower can also grow strongly, due to which it loses its decorativeness and gets untended, aesthetically unattractive look.
To maintain the decorative qualities and rejuvenation of culture, experts advise pruning, during which cut the top of the anthurium, leaving the required number of internodes, remove withered, damaged, too long and protruding shoots.
As a rule, trimming the branches is combined with replanting the anthurium crystallinum plant, which is carried out in the spring.
Repotting anthurium crystallinum
Young anthurium crystallinum up to 4 years old need annual transplants.
- For transplanting, choose a shallow and wide pot, a few centimeters more than the old container.
- At the bottom of the container lined drainage layer, using keramzit or pebbles of a small fraction.
- On top of the layer of drainage poured substrate, which consists of two parts of humus and leaf soil, one part of peat and half of the river fine sand. In the soil mixture also add a little moss, charcoal and broken bricks. The soil for the anthurium should be the most moisture- and air-permeable, friable, with a reduced level of acidity.
- The anthurium crystallinum plant is removed from the old container, clean the root system from the remaining soil, planted on the prepared substrate.
- The flower is covered with a layer of soil, the surface of the earth is well moistened.
The pot with the anthurium crystallinum flower is placed in a warm, illuminated place and left in complete rest for quick adaptation to the new conditions.
Adult anthurium crystallinum plants older than 4 years should be transplanted once every 2-3 years.
How to propagate anthurium crystallinum at home
In apartment conditions, experienced florists practice 3 methods of breeding anthurium: cuttings, the seed method and bush division. Let’s consider the features of each of them.
Anthurium crystallinum by cuttings
Cuttings – the most popular method of obtaining a new exotic plant. It is carried out in the spring time, using a anthurium crystallinum plant older than two years. On a flower, choose branches 3-5 inches long, on which there are 2-3 fully developed leaves.
With a sharp knife, cut the cuttings and place them in a container with vermiculite, providing regular moisture. In this case, the optimal temperature for rooting cuttings is the range +24 … +26 ° C.
Rooting of seedlings occurs approximately 30 days after planting.
Growing from anthurium crystallinum seed
Growing an anthurium through seed propagation at home is a rather complicated and time-consuming procedure.
It is carried out according to the following algorithm:
1. Purchased seeds are washed with water and soaked for 2-3 hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
2. In a container is poured the soil, consisting of equal parts of dry moss and peat.
3. Seeds are sown evenly on the surface of the soil, with a small layer of substrate on top.
4 Container with seeds should be covered with glass or plastic film, placed in a well-lit, warm place with stable temperature of +24 … +26°С.
After 2-3 weeks, when the first sprouts appear, the cover is removed, and the sprouts are provided with good moisture. When the seedlings form a couple of full-fledged leaves, they are pickled in separate containers and organized care as for an adult culture.
Anthurium crystallinum by division
Root division is considered one of the best propagation methods for an anthurium. This procedure is carried out in spring, during the vegetative phase of the anthurium crystallinum plant.
To do this, do the following steps:
- The anthurium crystallinum flower is removed from the pot.
- The plant together with the root shoots and stems are divided by means of a sharply sharpened, disinfected knife into several parts, so that each gets full-fledged root roots.
- All of the cutting sites are treated with charcoal.
- The resulting seedlings are placed in separate containers and covered with dry sphagnum.
During the rooting of seedlings, it is necessary to monitor the quality of watering.
If the soil is too wet, the anthurium crystallinum flower will not take root.
Possible difficulties in cultivation anthurium crystallinum
Because of violations of the conditions of cultivation of the anthurium, it can become a “victim” of fungal diseases and various pests.
Among the first, the greatest danger to the anthurium crystallinum plant are:
1. anthracnose – a fungal disease that affects all the ground parts of the plant, they begin to dry and wither. To combat the disease, it is recommended to treat the perennial with modern fungicidal preparations.
2. Gray rot – the disease is manifested in the form of accumulation of gray plaque on the leaf plates and stems. If the disease is detected, it is necessary to completely remove all infected parts, temporarily suspend watering and transplant the anthurium crystallinum flower into a new container with a new substrate.
No less dangerous to the vitality of the anthurium are pests:
1. aphids – the leaves are covered with yellow spots, wither and fall off.
2. scab – parasitizes on the leaf plates, on which there is a sticky yellow coating.
3. powdery mildew – affects the leaves of the crop, which wither and curl up into a tube.
Special solutions – insecticides – are particularly effective in the fight against parasites.
In many cases, folk remedies help to defeat the pests: garlic or soap water, manganese solution.
Anthurium Crystallinum Care Tips