Calathea musaica (Calathea musaica ‘Network’). The leaf blade is white, almost transparent in color, streaked with bright green or yellow-green veins into small rectangles. When you look at the leaves of Calathea musaica, you get the impression that they are really made of mosaics.
Calathea musaica is an ornamental deciduous crop of the Marantaceae family, which is not so easy to grow at home. Because of the capriciousness and high requirements, this flower can only be grown by experienced flower growers.
Calatea, despite its tropical origin and increased need for light, does not tolerate direct sunlight. In nature, they grow in thickets of other grasses, so at home, they need to create similar conditions — put a pot near the south window, but between the flower and the glass, there should be a light curtain or a white paper screen. In the absence of such a barrier, the tips of the leaves dry at the calatea, and brown dry spots form along their edge.
Calathea musaica care
To make the plant feel good and pleasing to the eye, it is necessary to create conditions close to the tropics, in which it lives in nature. Сalathea musaica feels good next to other flowers. The thicker the vegetation, the more moisture they provide.
Bright sunlight can leave burns on the leaves of calathea musaica. Therefore, you should choose a slightly shaded place for the flower.
With an excess of light, the leaves are covered with spots and turn brown. If the lighting is not enough, the foliage fades and loses its decorative effect.
For calathea musaica, the usual room temperature is suitable. It reacts very negatively to a cold snap. Protect the plant from cold and even small drafts.
Watering and humidity
Likes well-moistened soil. In winter, watering should be slightly reduced.
Сalathea musaica needs high humidity. Spray it regularly. You can also make additional moisture by placing the pot with the plant in a tray with pebbles and water.
From April to August, calathea musaica is fed 1 time in 2 weeks. Any complex fertilizer for decorative and deciduous plants is suitable.
Young plants need annual transplanting into a new pot. Adults are transplanted every 2-3 years.
Propagate calathea musaica by dividing the bush, cutting or seed method.
The division of the bush is carried out during the transplant.
In order for the cuttings to take root, it is necessary to cut them so that there is always a growth point with 2-3 leaves.
During seed propagation, varietal features may be lost. But for those who like to breed their own new varieties, this method will definitely like it.
Diseases and pests
It can be affected by such a fungal disease. From insects, calathea likes to eat the usual pests of most houseplants: scabies, spider mites, and thrips.
With improper care: over-drying of the soil and air, hypothermia, and drafts, the leaves of the calathea musaica can begin to dry out at the edges. Because of this, the attractiveness of the plant is lost.
Problems in growing calathea musaica, methods of their solution
Flower calathea musaica, care at home requires daily, and any discrepancy with its needs can provoke negative consequences – so, with a decrease in air humidity, the leaves of the plant are damaged by thrips and spider mites, small black dots appear on them, and the space between them gradually turns yellow.
Damaged by pests, the plant rapidly loses its leaf plates, and may even die. Before resuscitating calathea musaica, it is necessary to increase the humidity of the air and then wash the plant with a sponge soaked in a soap solution. If the method does not work, it is recommended to resort to the use of insecticides allowed for use in the home, for example, to use Actellic.
Calathea can also turn yellow if you take too much care – excessive watering and applying a large number of fertilizers, which leads to damage to the roots — rotting or chemical burns. Moreover, young roots are most often affected, which supply the leaves with most of the nutrients. The plant can only be saved by transplanting calathea musaica into fresh soil, followed by compliance with the standards of care for it at home.
If the edges of the leaves of the calathea musaica dry, it can also be in the drying of the air. Pruning the damaged parts and increasing the frequency of spraying will help to save the plant. Often drying of the tips and edges of the leaves in calathea musaica is observed in winter. To prevent this, you can install a number of bowls of water, spray the flower 2-3 times a day with soft water.
The appearance of dry round spots of brown or gray color on the leaves of calathea musaica indicates an incorrect spraying technique. If you make it from a spray gun with a large spray, water drops will play the role of lenses and provoke burns. If the leaves are badly damaged, it is better to prune them. To avoid such a problem in the future, you can change the spraying technique — use the smallest spray so that the water comes out of the spray gun in the form of a cloud.
If the calathea musaica has curled leaves, most likely, it has suffered from a draft and insufficient humidification of the air. To fix the situation is quite simple-put the flower away from the window and take care of daily spraying. Soon the leaves will return to normal.
For the calathea musaica flower, home care may seem overly complicated and most novice flower growers will agree with this. However, experienced lovers of decorative and deciduous crops assure that difficulties with the cultivation of this tropical guest arise only at the stage of acquaintance with it.