A compost pit is an excellent place for storing organic waste in the suburban area. Although not all summer residents and owners of private homes have it, many people think about it. A compost pit can be made with your own hands, this requires only the material and desire. If there is compost on the dacha plot, the question of where to throw the leaves and rotten apples disappears.
What is compost
Compost mulch is an organic fertilizer that can be obtained from the decomposition of organic waste. Under the influence of microorganisms, leaves, rotten apples, grass, and other organic waste are turned into soil improver.
In order to use compost as mulch, it still needs to be prepared. You need to collect the organic matter, grind it, put it in a pile, wait for the organic matter to ripen, and drag it to the beds. This is a considerable amount of labor, additional space, and time. In addition, when composting, the amount of organic matter is reduced by four times. So, if this same organic matter is not composted, but applied in an undecomposed form, then the same amount of organic matter can be mulched over four times the area. Or make the mulch layer thick. This is just the answer to those who say that the lack of compost prevents them from mulching all the beds. These facts alone make us think about the feasibility of using compost as mulch. Undecomposed organic matter can perform all the functions of mulch, in some cases much better than compost.
The main argument of the proponents of compost mulch is that compost is ready-made food for plants. But as a fertilizer, compost spread out in a thin layer on the surface of the bed will only work with frequent watering. More precisely, you need to keep this layer always wet. If you do not do this, this layer dries up quickly. Plant nutrients are only used in solutions. If there are no solutions, there is no nutrition.
The color of the finished compost is dark brown or black. This color contributes to the absorption of sunlight, strong heating of ridges. The loose structure of compost in this regard only slightly corrects the situation. Undecomposed organic matter is usually light. It reflects a large amount of sunlight, which greatly reduces the heating of the soil. The thermal conductivity of any undecomposed organic matter is lower than the thermal conductivity of the finished compost, therefore, this mulch saves better from overheating. In addition, the sun’s rays reflected from the light mulch enhance photosynthesis. A thin layer of compost in heavy rain very poorly protects the soil from the impact of drops, and it is washed away in the lower places of the bed. Undecomposed organic matter solves these problems much better.
That is thrown into a compost pit
In the compost pit, you can safely throw such waste:
- the remains of any food, skins, rind;
- cereals, pasta, rice;
- lawn, flowers, other plants;
- straw, hay, leaves;
- manure from any animals;
- paper, Newspapers, cardboard;
- rotten apples, pears, and other fruits;
- zucchini and other vegetables.
What not to put in the compost pit
But there are also such wastes that it is better not to put in a compost container:
- bread, flour products (mice can get started);
- chicken and fish bones (will take a long time to rot);
- contents of the garbage pit (a lot of chemicals);
- weeds (the root will give new life).
Before you throw something in the compost, you should think about it. After some time, the contents of the compost will be used to fertilize the land. Therefore, if it is prohibited waste, it will eventually enter the human body.
How long will it take for the compost content to be ready?
After organic matter enters the mulch compost pit, the contents of the compost will be ready after 1-3 years of rotting. This will occur when the color of the compost changes to dark brown. Sometimes fertilizer can be used much earlier.
The compost heap offers well-known advantages: organic waste from the household and garden is quickly disposed of, birds find a lot of small insects to feed on, and finally, in the form of the resulting compost, you get a valuable and free bio-fertilizer. Due to the high content of humus and nutrients, as well as the ability to retain moisture, compost soil is best suited for improving soil quality.
What you can make a compost box out of
To have a compost box on the site, you do not need to buy it. It can be made with your own hands from different materials. Having a slate and/or metal profile, you can make quite a good compost.
The pit is made approximately 60×120 inch in size, and from 47 inch in height. If there is too much waste, you can also make the structure large.
Space is better divided into several compartments, preferably three:
- for ready-made compost;
- for last year’s waste;
- for fresh waste.
Compost pit with your own hands in the country
If you decide to make a compost, you can go two ways. To make a full-fledged compost, use the materials that are at hand. A compost pit can be made even from boards if there is a metal profile. The easiest way to make compost is to dig a hole 197 inch deep. Pour sand on the bottom, it will serve to remove moisture. Throw branches on the sand, the function of which is to enrich waste with oxygen.
A semi-submerged earthen bunker is filled with concrete. This method is not the easiest, because you need to work hard. When the concrete walls harden, make the inner walls.
In this case, you should not bother at all. If there is a secluded place, you can just throw all the waste on the pile. In a year or two, the same thing will happen to them as in the compost pit.
This method is the simplest, but aesthetically it can be ugly. If a pile of waste will not “cut the eye”, then it is quite an acceptable method. But you need to be prepared for the fact that the waste will have an unpleasant smell.
Every owner can make a box out of wood. To do this, you need boards or bars, as well as nails or screws. Everyone can fasten a tree together. The disadvantage of this method is that the tree will rot along with the contents, so the service life of such a box will be minimal. However, you can get out of this situation if you put a metal profile inside the box.
To make a composter using Finnish technology, first, you need to prepare the boards. They need to be treated with an antiseptic.
Start assembling the composter from the sidewalls, it is better to fasten the boards with screws, not nails. After all, the screw is much easier to Unscrew, and can also be reused.
Two lower boards need to be sewn close together, and the rest with a distance of 4 inch from each other. On one of the sides, there will be doors, for them, you need to leave 8 inch from the floor. To make the doors, you need a little trouble. Next, you need to make the floor, as well as the top cover, which will eventually cover the composter. We attach the roof to the curtains so that you can open it by moving up.
Also, do not forget to make a composter for 3 sections, this is what the Finns do. In one Department there will be a fresh waste, in another already “laid down”, and in the third – a ready-made soil improver.
Everyone got into a situation where the garbage was not taken out of the apartment. At the very least, it had an unpleasant smell. After an unpleasant smell, the fermentation process takes place. In this regard, garbage bags are very good, because they themselves do not decompose.
Therefore, if you put a garbage bag on any container, you will get quite a good place for compost. However, it is better to take large garbage bags, which are more durable. Also, as an option, you can use garbage cans, but it’s better not to steal them from the street, but to buy them. Plastic, like polyethylene, does not rot.
In conclusion about compost
To make a compost pit, it is enough to have the material at hand. It can be wood, flat slate, or metal profile. It is better to divide the composting space into three parts. This way you can get ready-made compost every year, and improve the land with it. The easiest way to make compost is to dig a hole half a meter deep, where you can dump all the organic matter.