Growing Cabbage: How to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Cabbage Successfully

Garden 40

Are you an avid gardener?

Whether you are, or you aren’t, it might interest you to know how to grow some common vegetables to save some money or know what is going into your food.

Well, an excellent place to start is by growing cabbage. Cabbage is full of vitamin B, calcium, iron, protein, and niacin. If you are trying to lead a healthier lifestyle, then why not grow your own?

But growing cabbage does require some knowledge. No worries, though, because I’ll be giving you all of the knowledge you need to grow cabbage successfully.

Here is what you need to know:

Cabbage Plant Info

  • Hardiness Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
  • Soil: Sandy, loam, PH between 6.5 to 6.8, well-drained
  • Sun Exposure: Full sun, at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day
  • Planting:
    • Start Indoors: 6 to 10 weeks before the last frost date
    • Start Indoors (in fall): 6 to 8 weeks before the first frost date
    • Hardening Off: 1 to 2 weeks before transplanting
    • Transplant Outdoors: When the seedlings have 3 to 4 leaves, 2 to 3 weeks before the last frost date
  • Spacing: 4 to 6 inches between plants and 2 to 4 feet between rows
  • Depth: ¼ to ½ inches seed depth
  • Best Companions: Beans, cucumber, celery, dill, spinach, sage, thyme, onion, lettuce, potato, kale
  • Worst Companions: Tomato, strawberry, broccoli, cauliflower
  • Watering: Even watering, once a week up to 1½ inches
  • Fertilizing: Side-dress with compost manure after every 3 weeks, apply balanced fertilizer 3 weeks after transplanting
  • Common Problems: Anthracnose, black rot, alternaria leaf spot, damping off, clubroot, powdery mildew, sclerotinia stem rot, watery soft rot, white rust, bacterial soft rot, downy mildew, blackleg, ring spot, beet armyworm, cabbage aphid, cabbage looper, cutworms, diamondback moth, flea beetle, cabbage worm, thrips, root knot nematode
  • Harvest: 50 to 60 days after transplant, when the head is fully formed and feels well-packed and firm when squeezed

Cabbage Varieties 

There are many different varieties of cabbage. I’m going to share with you some of the most common types and their uses. Then you can decide which variety would be best for you to grow.

1. Canon Ball Cabbage




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