The mint plant on the windowsill in the apartment is real, mint seeds take root quickly enough. The main drawback is that the seeds are small in size, which makes them inconvenient to use.
Varietal seeds can be purchased in the store, when buying you should pay attention to their shelf life. The seed material can be collected independently from an adult plant after its flowering. Seeds of cultivated mint have a higher germination rate, in comparison with wild-growing.
Please note how to grow mint! The mint plant can be grown by cuttings, using cut stems. Before planting mint, they should stand in the water and let the roots. Fresh mint from a store or supermarket is also used as a cut.
What you need for landing mint plant
The best time for sowing in March or the first half of April, at which time the light day increases. It will be possible to harvest the first crop at the beginning of summer. Before you growing mint indoors on the windowsill, you need to prepare everything.
What you will need how to grow mint mentha:
- Mint seeds of the desired variety. Not all have a high germination rate, so when sowing their number should be increased;
- Paper or cloth napkin for soaking seeds;
- A wide container or pot for sprouting, with a diameter of at least 5 inches. Mint roots grow in width, so you need to choose wide containers, there should be holes at the bottom to drain the liquid;
- Food wrap or glass. Transparent plastic will do;
- Drainage: small pebbles or expanded clay;
- Potting soil. Any fertile and loose substrate is used for planting. You can choose a peat potting soil with coarse sand or any substrate for the purchase of herbaceous plants.
If the garden soil is used, it must be decontaminated before planting. For disinfection, you can use a solution of potassium permanganate or treat the ground with hot steam.
The optimal window for growing mint indoors seedlings
Despite the unpretentious nature of the plant, it is necessary to choose the right place for growing seedlings.
It is enough to follow simple rules:
Seedlings should receive enough heat and sunlight, the container with crops can be placed on the windowsill near the South-East or South-West window; it is allowed to place near the South window in the morning and evening, also if the mint plant is in the shade of other flowers, or the weather is cloudy outside;
Plant mint mentha does not tolerate direct sunlight, which can cause the leaves to dry up. At lunchtime, the seedlings should not stand on the windowsill on the Southside without shading, at this time it should be removed to the middle of the room;
It is undesirable to put the pot near the North window. In the shade, the stems of the plant will be thin, the leaves small, and with a weak aroma. Pot on the windowsill
Please note how to grow mint indoors! In order easy to grow mint indoors all year round, it is necessary to provide a sufficient amount of light. From late autumn to early spring, mint requires 11-12 hours of lighting, otherwise, the stems will begin to thin and grow in height. Phytolamps can make up for the lack of sunlight.
Step-by-step landing mint plant process
Seeds can be sown directly in the soil that the pot is filled with. After germination, the mint will not be transplanted to a new place, you must immediately choose a suitable container.
How to mint plants correctly:
- First, the seeds are poured on a wet cloth, cover it with a piece of food film on top, and leave for 2-3 days;
- In advance, it is necessary to prepare vases or containers for sowing, a layer of drainage 1 inch high is filled to the bottom. Containers must be filled with earth and moistened with warm water;
- The seeds should be spread out on top of the ground and slightly compacted with your hands. You can not bury them, they may not germinate at a great depth;
- The potting soil is once again moistened with warm water from a spray bottle;
- The pot should be tightened with a film or covered with glass. Every day, the potting soil is ventilated for 10-15 minutes. When the first shoots appear, the coating is removed, and continue to care for the mint.
Please note how to grow mint indoors!
Instead of covering the pot with plastic wrap, you can use a plastic container with a transparent lid. Seeds are planted in it and tightly closed.
For large seedlings, the seeds can be pre-sprouted before planting in the pot. To do this, they are sown in a temporary container in a similar way, but without pre-soaking. From above, the container is tightened with a film or covered with glass and is ventilated every day for 15 minutes. The first sprouts appear for 2-3 weeks, they are dug out and transplanted into separate pots. When the seedlings grow to 2-4 inches in height, they must be tied to pegs so that they do not fall over.
Mint care in a pot on the windowsill
When to collect peppermint for drying?
Plant mint mentha at home grows in a pot, it is easy to move it to the right place. The new mint plant likes warm weather and should be in the room at a temperature of 23-26oC. In summer, mint plants can stand on the balcony or loggia. During the heat, a container with water should be placed next to the plant, which will maintain normal humidity. In winter, the plant must be removed from the window and put in a warm place where the temperature will be maintained 17-20oC. Mint does not tolerate cold, low temperature harms the plant.
Potted mint plant
At home, mint in a pot requires regular moistening of the soil, it should not be allowed to dry out. Excess moisture is also harmful to the plant, from it the root system will rot.
The mint plant is watered when the topsoil layer is completely dry.
In summer, it takes 2-3 times a week to moisten the soil with a small amount of water. The liquid should not stagnate;
In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time a week, if the temperature does not exceed 17-22oC; in Addition to watering, the plant is regularly sprayed with water as dust accumulates; you need to Water the plant with soft water. Before use, it should stand in open bottles for at least 3-4 days.
Additional fertilizing mint indoors
At home, mint requires a small top dressing, it is enough to apply fertilizer in the summer 1 time. The plant is fed with liquid fertilizer, for this purpose, 0.5 g of urea is diluted in 500 ml of water. At the time of the formation of the first leaves, it is allowed to use a small number of mineral fertilizers. Mint does not require a large number of fertilizers, the concentration indicated on the package must be reduced several times. In the cold season, you do not need to fertilize the plant.
Please note how to grow mint indoors!
Do not abuse top dressing to increase the yield. Excessive amounts of fertilizers will not be useful, because they lose the taste and aroma of mint.
Depending on the variety, 2-3 months after sowing, the stems grow to the desired size. Shoots can be cut when they reach 5-6 inches in length. Mint in the pot grows quickly, pruning is carried out regularly.
How to do it correctly:
It is recommended to tear off mint leaves at a distance of 0.5-1 inches from the stem – this promotes the growth of new side shoots;
You can not pluck the shoots completely. The stems are cut no more than 1/3 of the length, otherwise, further growth may stop;
The most fragrant leaves with a large amount of menthol grow after the appearance of flower stalks, but before flowering;
During the flowering period, all nutrients are spent on the formation of inflorescences. It is necessary to cut the upper part of the Bush 0.05 inches above the junction of the main and side stems;
Cut mint is stored in the refrigerator in a ventilated container. Stems that have not had time to use can be dried.
Pruning with scissors
Please note! If the Bush is very overgrown, it can be divided into several parts and planted in different pots. The procedure is performed every 2-3 years, otherwise, the leaves will decrease in size, and the Bush will begin to thin out.
Possible difficulties of growing mint indoors
Before you grow mint at home, you need to familiarize yourself with the possible difficulties. Problems may arise when transplanting mint from the garden, in this case, you can accidentally plant a plant infected with diseases and pests. Domestic varieties are susceptible to diseases and pests, as are garden plants.
Diseases mint indoors
The main problem is the appearance of rust on the leaves. The disease is fungal in nature, manifests itself in the form of dark red spots on the leaves.
Causes of occurrence:
Overabundance and stagnation of water, high humidity in the room;
Low temperature and frequent drafts;
Excess nitrogen in the potting soil.
Affected stems must be cut off, the remaining ones are treated with fungicides. Before use, the processed mint leaves are soaked for 30 minutes in cold water.
Often there are such fungal diseases:
Powdery mildew. It has the appearance of a white plaque on the shoots and leaves, formed in the hot season. Treatment of the plant with a colloidal sulfur solution of 1% concentration will help to get rid of the problem;
Anthracnose and Septoria appear as brown and brown spots on the leaves. The affected plant is treated 3-4 times with a Bordeaux mixture with a concentration of 1%; Verticillosis-during the disease, the leaves wither, they begin to darken at the edges. Fungicides are used to eliminate the disease, but they do not provide a 100% guarantee of solving the problem.
Pests despite the intense aroma, mint attracts insects. Some of them start on the ground and can affect a healthy plant. This problem may occur if mint is planted in garden soil that has not been disinfected before.
Pests on the leaves
The main pest – mint flea, starts in warm dry weather. An insect no larger than 0.001 inches bites round holes in the leaves. Similar damage is left by leaf beetles and green scutes. Along with the soil, weevils and mint mites can get into the pot.
Useful recipes with mint
How to make hot tea with mint
A standard set of products for cooking: up to 10 mint plants leaves, 2 cups of purified water, a slice of lemon, and sweeteners to taste: honey or sugar.
Put the kettle on the fire and wait for it to boil. At this time, wash and tear the menthol leaves.
Add them to a teapot with a press or a regular kettle, fill with boiling water. tea should be infused for at least 7-15 minutes. if desired, add a spoonful of honey to it, keep in mind that a temperature above 50 degrees will spoil all the useful properties of the bee drug. before serving, add a few drops of citrus to the cup.
Ingredients for a chilled mint drink
An unusual recipe for summer, refreshing cocktail includes:
- 10 stalks of young mint plants;
- 10 cups of water;
- half a cup of sugar;
- lemon juice (from 1 fruit);
- a few slices of cucumber.
How to make mint tea with cinnamon and lime
Another recipe for how to make mint tea is based on the use of sour citrus and fragrant spices. this decoction will help to lose extra pounds. Of course, by itself, it will not remove fat, but in combination with physical activity and diet can give a noticeable result.
Prepare mint tea with cinnamon and lime
- large-leaf tea;
- half a lime;
- a few stalks of mint plants;
- 1 cinnamon stick.
All ingredients should be placed in a container, pour hot water, close a tight lid for infusion. the longer the liquid will stand, the more bitterness will begin to give cinnamon. You can replace the solid shelf with ordinary powder, however, then you will have to filter the contents before use. You can add any berries or dried fruits to the composition and drink them cold or hot. The components free the body from toxins, lower sugar levels, and stimulate metabolism.
How to make mint tea with ginger root and honey
This is a decoction that is able to cheer up in the morning, and in the evening – to calm down, it gives peace and warms.
You will need mint tea with ginger root and honey
- 1 tsp of black tea;
- a sprig of menthol;
- a small piece of ginger root;
- 1 tsp may or herbal honey.
The specified number of ingredients is calculated for the preparation of one portion of the infusion. Brew black tea leaves in any way that is convenient for you. in a cup, lightly crush the mint and ginger, pour the warmed tea leaves. Allow the contents to cool slightly and infuse. Before use, dissolve 1 spoonful of honey in a cup.
Mint tea with cranberries
ingredients for mint tea with cranberries:
2 h / l Chinese red tea 100 g cranberries 2 h / l cane sugar 1 h / l crushed mint or 2 sprigs fresh 350 ml water
Method of preparation:
in a preheated teapot, pour tea and mint, pour boiling water and let stand for 5 minutes. rub the cranberries and mix with the sugar. pour the tea into cups and add the cranberry mixture.
How to make mint tea with sea buckthorn
Sea buckthorn drink is a preventive remedy against colds and has a calming effect, strengthens the immune system, and stops inflammatory processes.
To prepare it, you will need:
200 g sea buckthorn;
a few mint sprigs;
2 tbsp odorous unsweetened honey;
500 ml of boiled water;
2 tablespoons of tea leaves.
Sea buckthorn berries are thoroughly washed, some of them are put in a container, mixed with honey and fragrant leaves, and crushed tea leaves are poured. another 100 gr. grind and pour into the finished composition. in the end-all all pour boiling water and insist. after 15 minutes, a tart broth with a slight bitterness is ready for tea.
Apple mint tea
Steamed fruits retain a maximum of useful substances, remove accumulated toxins and slags from the body. To properly prepare a rich and nutritious apple mint tea with mint and observe the recipe, you should prepare apple mint tea:
- leaves of a fragrant plant (pepper) – half a cup;
- apple juice – 50 ml;
- half a lime;
- half a liter of boiling
- 2 tbsp black tea leaves;
- 1 apple;
- sugar to taste.
In a container, pour apple juice and clean water and bring to a boil over low heat. The fruits are cut into slices, placed in a container with a lid. There are also added tea leaves and sugar. The contents are poured with a prepared decoction and infused for several minutes, after which you can treat guests with a hot vitamin apple mint cocktail.
How to freeze mint
There are several ways to freeze mint leaves. The easiest way is to wash and dry the twigs on a paper towel, and then put them in a plastic bag with zip closure.
Useful properties of the mint drink
This tea gives a feeling of relaxation and inner freshness and also has a number of healing properties. In the summer, fragrant leaves are consumed fresh, but for the winter it is necessary to stock up on properly dried stems that retain the maximum of useful components.
The calmness of the nervous system
Brewed mint has a sedative effect, so it is characterized by a calming effect and helps to cope with depression, psychoemotional problems. At the same time, it does not cause addiction or drowsiness, the person remains alert and active. The tool helps in the fight against insomnia and the desire to quickly and firmly fall asleep. The rich taste and fresh aroma will lift the mood and overall tone of the body.
Tincture of tea and mint preparations is characterized by anti-inflammatory and expectorant action. The drink, along with preventive medical preparations, is indicated in the spring-autumn cool period, during exacerbations of diseases and weakened immunity. To prevent colds, this tea is not only useful but also pleasant to drink. A cup of mint liquid with a spoonful of honey can give real pleasure and at the same time increase immunity.
The mixture is also shown to those who have problems with the gums. It effectively removes all swelling and inflammation.
It helps to stabilize the menstrual cycle, normalize the condition during menopause. The substances contained in the composition reduce the level of testosterone, respectively, inhibit the growth of hair, eliminating the problem of excessive hairiness.