To get an early harvest, gardeners grow many crops using the seedling method. To get a good seedling, you need not only to choose the right variety but also to provide the young sprouts with proper care. How to water seedlings is a question that interests many novice farmers. If you do not provide plants with full-fledged, timely watering, they will not develop normally, so it is important to know what and how to often water seedlings!
How to properly water seedlings
Every gardener and grower should know how to water seedlings, otherwise, it will be problematic to grow strong, beautiful seedlings. The first step is to decide what kind of water to use for irrigation? Ideal for watering seedlings-thawed or rainwater. If it is possible to collect snow or rainwater, then this recharge for the plant will be the best. However, it is not so easy to collect them, especially in cities, so you can use other options.
Ideal for watering seedlings-thawed or rainwater.
Standing water (stand it for 1-2 days, without covering it with a lid).
A good option for irrigation is filtered water. It is very useful to use acidified water. To do this, put one peat tablet or 1 g of citric acid in a bucket of water (10 liters). Acceptable water temperature is +20…+25 degrees Celsius.
Interesting! Boiled water is not the best option, because when it is boiled, it loses useful substances, oxygen. Such water for seedlings is not very useful.
How often to water seedlings
Knowing how to water seedlings, you can avoid many problems with its development. In particular, root rot, the development of pests in the ground, soil stagnation, etc. Before the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings are usually watered once a day. Irrigation is carried out from a spray gun (so that the earth does not wash away). A crust should not form on the surface, otherwise, it will be more difficult for the sprouts to breakthrough. When the seeds germinate, the film cover is removed, and watering is reduced to 2-3 days. During this time, the seedlings will get stronger. Then the seedlings can be hilled, thinned, if necessary. Watering from this time is carried out no more than once a week. When the seeds germinate, the film cover is removed, and watering is reduced to 2-3 days After the appearance of 2-3 leaves, water is introduced so that it permeates the entire earthen lump to the bottom of the box. The frequency of watering depends on the type of crop, but on average it is done once every 3-7 days so that the soil does not dry out.
Interesting! After the final transplanting of seedlings to a permanent place, the seedlings are not watered for 5-6 days. This is done so that the crops will take root better – in search of water, the roots will grow in all directions.
Watering vegetable seedlings
Depending on the type of crop grown, irrigation rules may differ significantly. Tomato, pepper and eggplant seedlings are watered approximately equally. Before the seeds of tomatoes (pepper, eggplant) germinate, the plantings should be sprayed once a day from a spray gun, as indicated above. After the emergence of seedlings, a break in watering is made for 3 days, and then watering is carried out 1-2 times a week. You need to focus on the soil – it should not dry out!
Only light drying of the top layer of soil is allowed! 2 days before the pick, tomato (pepper, eggplant) seedlings should also be watered, and subsequent watering is carried out 4-5 days after the pick, no more than 1 time a week.
Interesting! Before transplanting adult seedlings to a permanent place, watering is reduced, and 1-2 days before transplanting, the seedlings are not watered at all. Before transplanting adult seedlings to a permanent place watering is reduced.
Cucumbers need more water.
The soil in the container should not dry out before the emergence of seedlings – it is kept a little wet! Watering is carried out by spraying from a spray gun. After the appearance of sprouts, they need to be watered once a day. At the same time, it is necessary to loosen the soil so that it does not take a crust. After the appearance of 2-3 leaves, the amount of watering can be reduced, but water is added much more so that the land is well soaked.
For cabbage, water is needed no less than for cucumbers.
The ground is always kept slightly moist. Before the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings are watered daily from a sprayer, and after the appearance of sprouts – as the land dries up. 1.5 weeks after the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings dive into separate containers. 2 hours before this, you need to water the seedlings so that the roots do not break during the separation of seedlings. Before planting seedlings in a permanent place, it is necessary to stop adding water for a week, and 2 hours before transplanting, water the earthen lump in the pot abundantly.
Interesting! If the seedlings grow on the windowsill, it is necessary to water it so that the ground does not have time to dry out, otherwise, the plants will slow down development. If there is a lot of water, the seedlings will begin to rot. It is best that the boxes with seedlings that stand on the windowsill have drainage or holes at the bottom, so that excess moisture does not accumulate in the lower layers of the soil.
Watering of seedlings of flowers
Flower seedlings are usually so small that it can be very difficult to water them. Because of this, it is usually not watered until the sprouts appear (the seeds have enough water that was introduced during sowing). After the appearance of sprouts, water begins to be applied every 5-7 days. The easiest way, in this case, is to use a spray gun or a simple syringe for watering. Another option is to water the seedlings from a watering can, over the edge of the container. Do not forget that for the normal development of the root system, it is necessary to water the plants in moderation, not too often.
It is very important to water Petunia seedlings immediately after the appearance of Petunia sprouts it is not difficult to grow seedlings, but you need to bring water in time. It is very important to water the seedlings immediately after the emergence of sprouts, otherwise, they will burn and will not rise again! Before that, the ground is sometimes moistened and only from the spray. When petunias grow up, they begin to water the usual method – as the soil dries.
When growing Lobelia, the seeds are sown only in moist ground. After the emergence of sprouts can not be sprayed, otherwise they will rot!
But how to properly water Lobelia?
The simplest method of moistening the soil is to put a box of seedlings in a basin of water for a few minutes. After that, the pot is taken out and allowed to drain excess water. From above, the soil is moistened exclusively with a syringe.
Use of fertilizers for irrigation
How to water seedlings as described above. But in order for the seedlings not to stretch out and fully develop, it is sometimes necessary to water it not just with water, but with special top-dressing or solutions. Very often, seedlings germinate early and begin to stretch quickly.
What to water so that the seedlings do not stretch?
The main reason for pulling seedlings is too frequent watering. So you need to reduce the frequency and abundance of watering, fertilizing, and not make new funds! Watering for growth is carried out with a solution of ammonia. Such top dressing is easily absorbed by plants and strengthens them, stimulates the growth and development of green mass. A teaspoon of ammonia takes 10 liters of water. After mixing, the solution is used for watering seedlings. Watering seedlings with iodine increases the resistance of crops, is suitable for the growth of the green mass, proper root development. A drop of iodine is enough for 3 liters of water. After mixing, the liquid is mixed and used for watering under the root. Such top dressing is carried out 1 time for the entire period of growing seedlings. Seedlings can be fed with growth stimulants.
How to water seedlings with peroxide?
Hydrogen peroxide is often used for watering seedlings. It disinfects the soil and saturates the plants ‘ cells with oxygen. A weak solution (1 tablespoon/5 liter of water) can be sprayed on the seeds immediately after sowing. For grown seedlings, a 3% peroxide solution is used – 3 tablespoons of peroxide are taken with 3 liters of water. Interesting! Peroxide improves water quality. It destroys chlorine molecules, reduces the concentration of pesticides and harmful organic matter.
Topdressing with potassium permanganate allows you to activate growth, disinfect the earth, and increase the resistance of crops to diseases. Make a solution of 10 liters of water and 3 g of potassium permanganate. The resulting liquid is used for watering or spraying seedlings once every 10 days, not more often.
Watering with a tincture of ash is very useful for adult seedlings of tomatoes, cucumbers or other vegetable and flower crops. It is advisable to carry out it a few days before planting seedlings in a permanent place. To make a solution, you need to add a glass of wood ash to 8 liters of boiling water and infuse the liquid for 1 day. After that, the infusion is filtered and used for irrigation. For 1 seedling, no more than ½ Cup of infusion is consumed.