Poinsettia (or milkweed beautiful) – a spectacular plant with bright scarlet leaves, which in many countries is a symbol of Christmas and New year.
There is even a beautiful legend associated with a poinsettia. It tells the story of a poor girl who, on Christmas eve, gathered some nondescript leaves by the roadside and then took them to the Church, where they turned into a beautiful flower. Since then, this plant has been called the “Poinsettia Christmas tree star“.
Poinsettia blooms just before the winter holidays for a period of 2 to 6 weeks. Right now it can be found in many flower and chain stores at a fairly attractive price. And how to care for a poinsettia plant year round plant after purchase?
The soil of the poinsettia
Euphorbia beautiful loves fertile loose soil. The plant should be transplanted every year in the spring or at least once every two years. If you bought poinsettia in the winter, then in April, replace the soil in the pot with a lighter one. For example, a mixture of 4 parts of garden soil and 1 part of coarse sand is suitable.
At the bottom of the pot, place a drainage layer of expanded clay about 3 cm high, so that the water does not stagnate. Before transplanting, you can cut the poinsettia stems by about a third. Do not forget to regularly and carefully loosen the soil with a spoke for better air access to the roots.
The lighting of the Poinsettia Christmas tree
The Poinsettia Christmas tree likes bright natural light both in winter and in summer. From the end of September for 2 months poinsettia is transferred to special mode-12 hours of light and 12 hours in the dark. At the same time, she does not like artificial lighting, so if it is not possible to observe the regime, then 10 hours of light will be enough.
To achieve flowering just for the new year holidays, the plant is put in a dark place for several days. If this is not done, the bright leaves will appear around January-February.
To stimulate the process of changing the color of bracts, the poinsettia can be stored in a cabinet or in a breathable box.
The optimal air temperature in summer will be 20-25oC, in winter 16-18oC. Poinsettia does not like stuffiness – in this case, you should additionally spray the leaves with warm water twice a week.
How often to water poinsettia
The plant has been regularly grown in a greenhouse from its own kettle, with a complex mowing system or trained rainwater employees who watered it precisely. Subsequently, it was shipped to the retail market available on the market.
When it remained at the retail market higher than just a couple of days, it probably captured watered only a little less than totally. This had been the holiday earnings season, together with a busy shop-keeper, after all. Subsequently, it had been sold as well as the primary thing that they probably did was wrap around brilliant foil around the kettle to make it even more desirable as a present. Afterward, an issue really began.
Every time then if it was discharged, the surplus water was trapped indoors that vibrant foil across the kettle. Therefore the first thing you ought to complete in order to look after the holiday Xmas poinsettia would be to remove the transparency. Place it onto a plastic plate or ceramic dish to guard your upholstery or sill.
Lift the pot up as soon as you’ve watered it. Observe this burden of this kettle using newly manicured soil. The weight will probably become lighter since the water can be consumed by the plant roots, however, there reaches a point when it becomes really lightweight that’s noticeable. It feels as a feather if it’s dry. At there, too, the dirt actually has shifted color from the dark (nearly ) dark tone of wet soil into a moderate brownish color of soil that is dry.
You never need the dirt for at this lightweight, moderate brown colored land. And also you don’t need the dirt to at all times be that heavyweight, dark (nearly ) black-colored soil. Somewhere in between is most beneficial.
Obviously, that includes experience to understand what that “in-between” texture and color resembles. How does one make this experience? Be in the habit of setting the dirt daily. As soon as you’ve removed that colored foil around the kettle, you’ll find it simpler to receive your finger there to have the cover of the ground. It takes 5 minutes of your energy.
That damp texture (I predict it towel-damp) should be uniform as you can daily. Grab it until it begins dry, but should you have that cold-warm texture afterward plant roots are therefore worried together with that extra water enclosing them they begin to become a type of jolt. This may possibly be once you begin watching lower yields drop removed from over-watering. They might or might not turn yellow before they shed. You are even permitted to observe the blossoms and leaves, appearing as they have been wilted.
Interestingly, lower leaves additionally dropoff in the event that you allow the soil get too tender. Leaves and flowers may droop once they truly are under-watered, too. Actually, that is if they are wilted. Just you may know that it really is.
At any time you do water that the Poinsettia Christmas tree, then water thoroughly before water melts from these holes at the base of the pot. That is what the holes is there for. A lot of men and women simply take the poinsettia into your destroy to warm water it precisely. Anybody who adores attempts to warm water that the plant with the bud sitting at its dish or tray on the family room end table will probably be aware it is all but impossible to provide the plant a comprehensive watering whenever you might be more focused on spilling on the furniture or putting the water to the pot equally.
It’d be an easy task to provide you a routine or formula, but I shall resist. At a greenhouse, where the warmth and air movement is much more compacted, the industrial grower could possess a predictable program. However, at your house, there’s inconsistency. Some homes are retained warmer compared to others. There are times that you move the plant into a cooler or warmer location for the screen. Showing it at a window may differ from showing it in a darkened corner of this room. On occasion, the entranceway opens more frequently over the vacations placing the poinsettia at a draft. You are only going to need to track the plant to yourself and determine just how frequently it takes water by touching the dirt, color monitoring, and how thick the kettle feels. Now you
Are probably saying right about today you can’t ever win. However, you are able to. Nearly all poinsettia caretakers in your home do have it correctly. They really do win the match of proper watering. Perhaps not overly moist, but not too dry, only right thru.
Additional fertilizing the Poinsettia Christmas tree
After the end of the dormant period, the “Poinsettia Christmas tree” should be transplanted and fed with complex fertilizers for decorative flowers, mixed with water in the proportion of 1:2. during the period of active growth, the poinsettia should be fed 2 times a month. In the summer, it will feel good on the balcony, and in the fall, return the pot with the flower back to the apartment and feed it again.
Interesting facts about the Poinsettia Christmas tree
* Bright red leaves are not really flowers, but bracts. The true flowers of Euphorbia look more beautiful than ugly and look more like stamens.
* Poinsettias are not only red, but also white, pink, cream, yellow, purple, and even blue. However, plants with red bracts remain the most popular and traditional for decorating homes for Christmas.
* The birthplace of poinsettias is Mexico, and it was introduced to the United States in the 19th century by Congressman and Ambassador Joel Roberts Poinsett, a part-time keen botanist. By the way, the plant got its name in his honor.
* Like all Euphorbiaceae, the poinsettia, to some extent poisonous. Its stems and leaves contain milky juice, which can cause burns on the skin and temporary blindness in the eyes. If parts of the plant are swallowed, vomiting and intestinal upset may occur. However, it is believed that such reactions are not mandatory and are quite rare.
* It turns out that poinsettia can go without soil for a long time (about 3 weeks) – stand in a vase or be used in a Christmas composition. To do this, cut off the stems, submerge their ends in hot water (at least 60 ° C) for 20 seconds, and then immediately lower them into cold water. Now the plant is suitable for holiday decoration.