How to care for a poinsettia plant year round?
Poinsettia (or milkweed beautiful) – a spectacular plant with bright scarlet leaves, which in many countries is a symbol of Christmas and New year.
There is even a beautiful legend associated with a poinsettia. It tells the story of a poor girl who, on Christmas eve, gathered some nondescript leaves by the roadside and then took them to the Church, where they turned into a poinsettia beautiful flower. Since then, this plant has been called the “Poinsettia Christmas tree star“.
Poinsettia blooms just before the winter holidays for a period of 2 to 6 weeks. Right now it can be found in many flower and chain stores at a fairly attractive price. And how to care for a poinsettia plant year round plant after purchase? Read on to find tips on how to care for a poinsettia after Christmas in this article so you can, hopefully, enjoy your plant year round.
Year Round Poinsettia Care
Year round soil of the poinsettia
Euphorbia beautiful loves fertile loose soil. The poinsettia plant should be transplanted every year in the spring or at least once every two years. If you bought poinsettia in the winter, then in April, replace the soil in the pot with a lighter one. For example, a mixture of 4 parts of garden soil and 1 part of coarse sand is suitable.
At the bottom of the pot, place a drainage layer of expanded clay about 3 cm high, so that the water does not stagnate. Before transplanting, you can cut the poinsettia stems by about a third. Do not forget to regularly and carefully loosen the soil with a spoke for better air access to the roots.Lift the pot occasionally to prevent root growth into surrounding soil. If the plant becomes root bound, repot it into a larger pot. Watch for insects and control them promptly.
The lighting of the Poinsettia Christmas tree
The Poinsettia Christmas tree likes bright natural light both in winter and in summer. From the end of September for 2 months poinsettia is transferred to special mode-12 hours of light and 12 hours in the dark. At the same time, she does not like artificial lighting, so if it is not possible to observe the regime, then 10 hours of light will be enough.
Poinsettias need a minimum of six hours of indirect sunlight each day.
To achieve poinsettia flowering just for the new year holidays, the plant is put in a dark place for several days. If this is not done, the bright leaves will appear around January-February.
To stimulate the process of changing the color of bracts, the poinsettia can be stored in a cabinet or in a breathable box.
Year round temperature poinsettia
The optimal air temperature in summer will be 20-25oC, in winter 16-18oC. Poinsettia does not like stuffiness – in this case, you should additionally spray the leaves with warm water twice a week. In October and November, cover the plant so that it is in complete darkness at night (from 5 p.m. and 8 a.m.), re-placing it near a sunny window in the daytime.
Year round location plants
A southern window is ideal. Poinsettias benefit from plenty of direct daytime light to keep them from getting leggy. If a sunny window isn’t available, choose as bright a spot as possible. DON’T Let the Leaves Touch a Freezing Windowpane Poinsettias are tropical plants typically grown in greenhouses , so despite their popularity in winter, they despise the cold. Healthy poinsettias have dark green leaves below the bracts and foliage all the way to the base.
Beginning the first of October, put the plant in complete darkness as soon as the sun sets, allowing a minimum of 14 hours of darkness. A bag can be placed over the plant, or it can be set in a closet throughout the day. By the end of November, it will start to color and you will be able to enjoy it for another season. Don’t let the soil dry out. Continue to water your poinsettia like you would any other plant. Slowly decrease its water intake around the month of April.
When the leaves begin to yellow or when the plant is no longer desired as an ornamental, gradually withhold water. The leaves will pale and fall off. The bracts (colorful leaves just below the true flowers) will be the last to go. After all the leaves have fallen, store the plant, in its pot, in a cool (50 to 60°F), dry, dark area. Keep the plant somewhat on the dry side; water only enough to keep the plants from withering.
To get poinsettias to re-bloom, limit its exposure to sunlight or this will affect the blooming process. Flower buds should be seen by November if all goes well. In late spring, when overnight temps outdoors are above 50 degrees, prune new shoots back to four inches and sink your poinsettia—pot and all—into a protected spot in your flower bed and let it stay there until early fall when overnight temps dip back into the 40s.
Avoid exposing the plant to temperature below 55° or to hot or cold drafts, which may cause premature leaf drop.
Repotting keeps the plant from becoming root-bound. Choose a new pot about two inches wider and an inch or two deeper than your current pot to give your poinsettia’s roots room to spread out during the coming fall growing season and help stimulate foliage growth and bloom production.
How often to water poinsettia
The poinsettia plant has been regularly grown in a greenhouse from its own kettle, with a complex mowing system or trained rainwater employees who watered it precisely. Subsequently, it was shipped to the retail market available on the market.
When it remained at the retail market higher than just a couple of days, it probably captured watered only a little less than totally. This had been the holiday earnings season, together with a busy shop-keeper, after all. Subsequently, it had been sold as well as the primary thing that they probably did was wrap around brilliant foil around the kettle to make it even more desirable as a present. Afterward, an issue really began.
Water only when dry; discard excess water that runs through the pot’s drainage holes. If wrapped in foil, make sure the pot doesn’t sit in water inside the decorative wrap. A good way to remember when to provide extra attention to your poinsettia is by tieing your care schedule to specific holidays.
Every time then if it was discharged, the surplus water was trapped indoors that vibrant foil across the kettle. Therefore the first thing you ought to complete in order to look after the holiday Xmas poinsettia would be to remove the transparency. Place it onto a plastic plate or ceramic dish to guard your upholstery or sill.
Lift the pot up as soon as you’ve watered it. Observe this burden of this kettle using newly manicured soil. The weight will probably become lighter since the water can be consumed by the poinsettia plant roots, however, there reaches a point when it becomes really lightweight that’s noticeable. It feels as a feather if it’s dry. At there, too, the dirt actually has shifted color from the dark (nearly ) dark tone of wet soil into a moderate brownish color of soil that is dry. Keep the humidity high to encourage rapid new growth.
You never need the dirt for at this lightweight, moderate brown colored land. And also you don’t need the dirt to at all times be that heavyweight, dark (nearly ) black-colored soil. Somewhere in between is most beneficial.
Obviously, that includes experience to understand what that “in-between” texture and color resembles. How does one make this experience? Be in the habit of setting the dirt daily. As soon as you’ve removed that colored foil around the kettle, you’ll find it simpler to receive your finger there to have the cover of the ground. It takes 5 minutes of your energy.
That damp texture (I predict it towel-damp) should be uniform as you can daily. Grab it until it begins dry, but should you have that cold-warm texture afterward poinsettia plant roots are therefore worried together with that extra water enclosing them they begin to become a type of jolt. This may possibly be once you begin watching lower yields drop removed from over-watering. They might or might not turn yellow before they shed. You are even permitted to observe the blossoms and leaves, appearing as they have been wilted.
Interestingly, lower leaves additionally dropoff in the event that you allow the soil get too tender. Leaves and flowers may droop once they truly are under-watered, too. Actually, that is if they are wilted. Just you may know that it really is.
At any time you do water that the Poinsettia Christmas tree, then water thoroughly before water melts from these holes at the base of the pot. That is what the holes is there for. A lot of men and women simply take the poinsettia into your destroy to warm water it precisely. Anybody who adores attempts to warm water that the poinsettia plant with the bud sitting at its dish or tray on the family room end table will probably be aware it is all but impossible to provide the poinsettia plant a comprehensive watering whenever you might be more focused on spilling on the furniture or putting the water to the pot equally.
It’d be an easy task to provide you a routine or formula, but I shall resist. At a greenhouse, where the warmth and air movement are much more compacted, the industrial grower could possess a predictable program. However, at your house, there’s inconsistency. Some homes are retained warmer compared to others. There are times that you move the plant into a cooler or warmer location for the screen. Showing it at a window may differ from showing it in a darkened corner of this room. On occasion, the entranceway opens more frequently over the vacations placing the poinsettia at a draft. You are only going to need to track the plant to yourself and determine just how frequently it takes water by touching the dirt, color monitoring, and how thick the kettle feels. Now you
Are probably saying right about today you can’t ever win. However, you are able to. Nearly all poinsettia other plants caretakers in your home do have it correctly. They really do win the match of proper watering. Perhaps not overly moist, but not too dry, only right thru.
Additional fertilizing the Poinsettia Christmas tree
After the end of the dormant period, the “Poinsettia Christmas tree” should be transplanted and fed with complex fertilizers for decorative poinsettia, mixed with water in the proportion of 1:2. during the period of active growth, the poinsettia should be fed 2 times a month. In the summer, it will feel good on the balcony, and in the fall, return the pot with the flower back to the apartment and feed it again.
As new growth begins, reduce the amount of fertilizer for poinsettia.
Interesting facts about the Poinsettia Year Round
* Bright red leaves are not really flowers, but bracts. The true flowers of Euphorbia look more beautiful than ugly and look more like stamens.
* Poinsettias are not only red, but also white, pink, cream, yellow, purple, and even blue. However, plants with red bracts remain the most popular and traditional for decorating homes for Christmas.
* The birthplace of poinsettias is Mexico, and it was introduced to the United States in the 19th century by Congressman and Ambassador Joel Roberts Poinsett, a part-time keen botanist. By the way, the plant got its name in his honor.
* Like all Euphorbiaceae, the poinsettia, to some extent poisonous. Its stems and leaves contain milky juice, which can cause burns on the skin and temporary blindness in the eyes. If parts of the poinsettia plant are swallowed, vomiting and intestinal upset may occur. However, it is believed that such reactions are not mandatory and are quite rare.
* It turns out that poinsettia plants can go without soil for a long time (about 3 weeks) – stand in a vase or be used in a Christmas composition. To do this, cut off, submerge their ends in hot water (at least 60 ° C) for 20 seconds, and then immediately lower them into cold water. Now the plant is suitable for holiday decoration.