Growing watercress can be both easy and beneficial as this perennial has healthy component lutein that helps prevent coronary artery diseases and heart attacks. Moreover, the watercress has many culinary and decorative uses. Some recommended varieties of watercress are: Garden cress, Curly cress and Peppergrass (annuals) Winter cress (biennial) Big Leaf cress (perennial) Care of Potted Watercress is fairly simple, provided the plant is kept wet. Article about how to grow watercress and care for watercress indoors.
How to Grow Watercress in Fresh Water
Contrary to popular opinion, one does not need a flowing stream for growing watercress and watercress lettuce can be grown if you want to conserve water. It can be easily grown indoors a few weeks before the last frost, by placing the watercress seeds on a moist paper towel that has been previously soaked in water and now placed in a shallow bowl, with about a quarter-inch of standing water. An easier method of germinating seeds is to use stem cuttings and placing them in a bucket of water or a black polythene bag. How to grow watercress? To grow watercress in this way, the water should be changed every day as stagnant water spells death for the seeds. The seeds germinate 7-10 days later.
How to grow watercress?
Planting Watercress Lettuce
Once the watercress has germinated, it should be planted in individual pots. After 3 weeks the watercress lettuce seeds may be transplanted in the garden soil. The fine and delicate roots must be carefully handled while planting watercress in the potting soil after the season of frost. The watercress plant should be kept in damp soil potting mix and in the shade. Moist wet soil, limestone and organic compost should be used to grow plants. The challenge is in keeping the plant in damp, but not soaked soil. Watercress how to grow stems should be kept about 8″-10″ apart from each other.
Watercress grows best in a soilless potting mix such as vermiculite or perlite, which is then mixed with peat to increase water retention. Commercial growers opt to grow watercress in water-based systems to mimic their indigenous growing conditions.
While considered an aquatic or semi-aquatic perennial plant that is often found near slow-moving water, you can also grow watercress in containers indoors or anywhere outdoors, as long as they are shaded from the hot afternoon sun and have plenty of water.
Harvest Watercress Lettuce
The growing lettuce sends runners from the mother plant and once they have grown they can be harvested. The older watercress should be cut back to about 3 inches when it will start sprouting new leaves. When pruned in late spring, the watercress plants will be ready for a second round of harvest in the fall. The tastiest watercress leaves are found in spring and fall, the hot summer reducing the plant’s beneficiary nature. Harvesting should be carried out before the flowers bloom. Leaves gathered can be refrigerated for about a week.
Gardeners typically grow this edible perennial for its flavorful leaves and shoots, which have a peppery flavor and can be used raw or cooked. Watercress is hardy in U.S.
Watercress Lettuce: Pests and Diseases
Watercress planters can breathe easily as this plant is free of most pests and diseases. However, flea beetles or mustard beetles may afflict the growing plant. They can be removed by flooding the cropping beds for about 2 hours.
Phosphate deficiencies appear as stunted and dark-colored foliage while potassium deficiencies create scorching on older leaves. Yellowing, often in winter, may indicate an iron deficiency. To combat these, mix a water-soluble fertilizer in with the water according to the recommended rates. A few pests such as whitefly, spider mites, and snails may assault your potted watercress plants.
The water will soak into the potting soil through the drainage hole of the first pot and keep the soil moist for the watercress roots to grow. Provide clean, freshwater daily. Your water garden will produce the most watercress if you allow it several hours of morning sun each day.
Why Grow Watercress
Growing watercress is fairly uncomplicated for a gardener because you do not require much technical gardening knowledge on how to grow watercress, much the same as growing basil. In addition to the ease of growing watercress, the plant also serves some other purposes such as:
- Watercress lettuce, cut into small pieces may be added in salads and sandwiches to provide a delicious flavor.
- Watercress soup treats mouth blisters, swollen gums, foul teeth and bad breath.
- Watercress lettuce is loaded with vitamins and low in calories, making it a good healthy perennial.
- Phytochemicals and antioxidants in watercress fight cancer and protect the immune system.
Watercress, known for its peppery taste is a ‘superfood’ because of its high nutrient properties. While Persians fed it to their children to increase their strength and stature, it is known to cure coughs, colds, and even help in the metabolic processes of the body.
This healthy vegetable has recently aroused increased interest among fans to strengthen their health through proper nutrition and treatment with folk remedies.
You can also start the watercress indoors using the method above or transplant mature plants. However, as the plants can be delicate, they may prove difficult to transplant.
Useful Properties Plants
in the chemical composition of watercress contains important substances for humans: carbohydrates. Mineral salts and compounds. Vitamins (Group B, C, K, E, A, D). Watercress is rich in vegetable protein, essential and fatty natural oils, beta-carotene, and other useful components. Potassium and copper, phosphorus and calcium, iron and magnesium, sulfur and iodine, carotene and ascorbic acid, mustard oil and glycosides, riboflavin – this is not a complete list of them.
Therapeutic and health-improving effect with regular use of watercress, Traditional Medicine advises to widely use of this vegetable for various diseases.
For various dermatological lesions (scabies, allergies, poorly healing wounds, festering), you can use ointments and oils from lettuce seeds. If making an ointment is difficult at home, a tincture of these ingredients, prepared in a ratio of 2: 1, will also help.
Lettuce leaves perfectly help with skin injuries (burns, severe bruises, bruises, abrasions). A mixture of crushed roots and leaves of this green doctor can stop the fever, get rid of cough, overcome bronchitis and joint pain, and treat cholelithiasis.
The systematic use of lettuce or preparations based on it provides an increase in appetite.
Traditional healers recommend it as an effective tool for weight loss.
This natural healer improves the activity of the intestinal tract, frees it from toxins, and the accumulation of toxic substances.
The metabolism of a cleansed body increases noticeably, and weight decreases. Green salad is able to gently open blood vessels, clear lymph, lower blood pressure, and prevent blood clots and atherosclerosis.
This wonderful remedy has an anti-inflammatory effect: the symptoms of hypothermia are quickly removed, mucus is well removed from the respiratory tract, mustard plasters with ground watercress seeds instead of mustard are effective. Its diuretic effect contributes to its widespread use to activate kidney function, fight edema, and get rid of heaviness in the legs.
The ability to maintain the water-salt balance of the dermis improves the condition of the skin in those who are justifiably concerned about the regular use of the product in their diet.
With prolonged (at least a month) use, the depressive mood passes, the psychoemotional state of a person normalizes.
Another health benefit – to improve the quality of blood – was awarded by nature to this plant.
Salad is an assistant to a person in the fight against mastopathy, prostatitis, acne, seborrhea.
Medical preparations made on the basis of this modest vegetable will help with loss of appetite, insomnia, hypertension, anemia and beriberi, with age-related vision problems. On its basis, funds are obtained that are effective in combating impotence, disorders of male reproductive activity, and prostate diseases.
The treatment course restores the activity of the thyroid gland, reduces the risk of developing endocrine pathologies.
Useful recipes for watercress plants
Here are some popular and simple, but useful recipes for those who want to try out the healing properties of watercress:
Approximately one hundred grams of fresh raw materials are stewed on low heat for no more than 7 minutes after boiling in 300 g of water. Take 60-70 G half an hour before meals, the last reception – an hour before bedtime to normalize the night’s rest, calm down, stop anxiety.
You can avoid the negative consequences of chemotherapy by preparing a mixture in compliance with the ratio of 1: 1: 2, from freshly prepared beetroot, carrot, and our vegetable juices, and drinking 2 tablespoons half an hour before each meal.
If you include about one hundred grams of fresh leaves of this wonderful remedy in your daily diet with persistent hypertension, the tonometer indicators when measuring blood pressure will soon show the cherished normal figures.
In the treatment of sexual dysfunction in men, it is recommended to finely chop 50 g of fresh miracle lettuce and parsley, add the same amount by weight of crushed cashews and 1 tablespoon of lemon juice, take a freshly prepared composition for about two weeks at night.
If you freeze the juice of watercress, then wipe your face with ice floes in the morning, then the skin will soon take on a fresh and healthy appearance.
What is useful for watercress for weight loss
It is proven that the use of watercress leads to weight loss. This plant consists of 90% water, and also contains useful fiber. Therefore, the product can be eaten in unlimited quantities, without worrying that its use will affect the figure. Young lettuce leaves improve digestion, normalize the work of the intestines, remove excess water, slags, and toxins from the body.
All this contributes to healthy weight loss and getting rid of extra pounds that will never return if you eat right. The value of watercress in dietary nutrition is explained by its vitamin and mineral composition. In nature, there are not so many plants that can offer the same large amount of useful substances. Thanks to this support, any diet passes without breakdowns, since the presence of biologically active substances contributes to the normalization of the body and nervous system.
Contraindications watercress plants
Having a surprisingly useful effect to strengthen health, this plant can also cause significant harm to the body. If the consumer has an allergic reaction (rash or irritation), the use of food with this product should be stopped and medical assistance should be provided if necessary. In the menu of hypotonic, you should limit our notorious greens in any form. Active enzymes of watercress can greatly reduce blood pressure. This natural healer is also undesirable in the diet of people with gastrointestinal ailments because of its ability to aggravate the condition of these diseases. Watercress tends to absorb toxins. The use in any form of this wonderful medicine, grown near the highway or railway, as well as in any other ecologically unreliable area, is prohibited. Such a” treat ” in a minimum amount is contraindicated even for healthy people, not to mention the sick.