These are varieties and types of roses that usually do not exceed 30, less often 10-15 inches in height. The flowers are similar to hybrid tea roses but smaller in diameter. These roses are primarily suitable for growing in pots and containers. There are also varieties that grow in flowers without much care. Most of the miniature roses are remontant.
Landing mini roses
Special attention should be paid to the soil for miniature roses. Seedlings should be placed in light mineral soil, fertilized with compost. It is best to plant roses in a container in mid-April. When planting young plants, the soil should be well watered with water – so the roses will take root faster.
Care. It is easy to take care of miniature roses in a container. The temperature for normal flower development should be about 18-22°C. Until the rose takes root, it should be watered every other day. When the plants take root, watering can be reduced to 1 time a week. When choosing a place to place a container with roses, keep in mind that it is advisable to put it in partial shade. Twice a month for better flowering plants needs to be fed with mineral and organic fertilizers. With the onset of frost, roses must be cut and put to rest in the basement or other cool rooms.
Miniature roses in the open ground
Choosing a seedling
As in the case of planting miniature roses in containers, planting material for open ground should be of high quality. The seedling should not have a dry root, and there should be no spots on the branches. The trunk of a healthy plant is dark green and elastic.
Before you plant a rose in the open ground, you need to put it in water for 6 hours – then it will take root faster. If the seedling is high, it should be cut – the height should not exceed 10 cm. You can plant a miniature rose both in Sunny areas and in partial shade. The depth of the planting pit should be equal to the length of the roots. Put some hummus in the pit and fill it with water. When the water is absorbed into the ground, you can plant a plant in it. Water the rose should be a few days after planting.
Miniature roses care
Water the rose should be as necessary: it all depends on the weather conditions. As soon as the first full-fledged leaves appear on the rose and small buds are visible, it should be sprayed with insecticide from aphids and caterpillars. For 0.5 liters of water, you need only 2 drops of the product. This amount is enough to spray 10 seedlings. Twice a year (in spring and autumn), the plant is fed with hummus or mineral and organic fertilizers. If you decide to feed the plant with manure, it is best to take cow’s manure. For each Bush, 0.5 kg will be enough. In autumn, roses should be insulated for the winter. To do this, it will be enough to dig it with the earth. In the spring, dry branches on the rose need to be cut.
Rose seedlings: choosing the right one
So, approximately with the types and groups of roses for the garden, flower garden, rose garden or even a simple flowerbed sorted out, now let’s move on to where it all starts-rose seedlings.
The key to beautiful, luxuriantly blooming, little sick, and do not require daily care of roses is of course the correct selection of seedlings.
First, pay attention to the shoots and stems. Their color should be green, the stems themselves strong, elastic, so to speak, “oozing life”. The bark of the shoots should be intact, without bends, fractures, and rot.
Buds are another sign of healthy rose seedlings – they must be large, well-developed, and look healthy, exactly the same recommendations can be given for examining the roots of roses, the roots must be whole, without fractures, and the substrate in which the seedling or earthen lump is sold must be slightly wet.
The leaves of the seedling should be a rich green color on both the inside and outside. We think it would be superfluous to say that there should be no spots or damage on them – if there is, it is no longer a seedling, but money is thrown away.
Rose seedlings in the planting season (early autumn or spring) are sold most often with open roots, in pre-planting in containers (with a closed root system)
Roses are sold with an open root system, with a closed one, and also directly in containers.
Planting such rose seedlings should be done immediately after purchase, this is important.
The most experienced gardeners plant roses between the beginning of September and the middle of October. If you live in a cold, Northern region, then it is better to plant in the spring, in the cold winter, immature seedlings with an undeveloped root system will simply freeze.
In principle, roses can be planted in the summer, in any of the months. Moreover, you can even plant them in bloom. True, it will be a little more expensive for money, but they will take root well.
Best place to plant roses
Whatever variety you choose for planting, remember that regardless of the variety, all roses like soft, loose, fertile land with good water permeability. The best level of soil acidity is the so-called pH-6.5.
Attention: for replacement plantings, do not plant roses in the same place where old roses have been growing for more than 8-10 years!
Old roses have already “selected” all the micro-elements, minerals, etc. they need from the soil, and it is not always possible to compensate for this even through proper and generous fertilizer. But they sated the land with spores of diseases and pests.
Despite the well-known light-loving nature of roses, you can not let them be in direct sunlight, especially if You live in a warm region in the South, etc. In this position, they bloom quickly, and the flowers look faded, not spectacular – that is, the very meaning of planting roses, beauty, is lost.
Based on the above, for planting roses, choose a place that is slightly shaded, especially at noon, for example, next to a low tree that is subjected to annual pruning, etc.
How to care for miniature roses?
It is necessary to examine roses in the garden as often as possible, at least 1-2 times a week – because the earlier you notice signs of the disease, the easier it is to defeat it, and the rose will suffer less from removing the affected stems. Be sure to burn all parts of the plant that you have removed from the diseased plant – do not store them in compost, because next year you will spread the infection with it throughout the site. Before wintering and hiding roses, remove dead leaves that have not fallen, as well as dried flowers and berries.
Before hiding the roses for the winter, be sure to collect the cut parts of the plants and remove the dried, but not fallen leaves, and also cut off the withered flowers and fruits.
Use of folk remedies and homemade preparations for spraying roses.
In order to prevent fungal diseases from occurring in roses, spray them with a decoction of horsetail grass every 2 weeks.
Preparation of horsetail solution
To prepare a broth, take 150 grams of dry grass or one kilogram of raw, chop the grass and pour one liter of water, then boil and cook for half an hour on low heat. Decoction for spraying before use is diluted 1 to 10 times.
Solution for spraying roses from aphids
Take 30 grams of dry or 400-450 grams of green wormwood (bitter) and pour ten liters of boiling water, then insist for at least 10 minutes. Then strain and dilute 1 to 3. Spray the Bush carefully and on both sides of the leaf – if you spray only from above and slightly, the aphid will simply crawl under the bottom of the leaves, and at the first opportunity or after the rain will crawl back.