Everything you need to know about fertilizer plant in the garden
Down to earth fertilizer and feeding plants in the garden. Usefull info about fertilizer plant.
Autumn is a great time for harvesting. All spring and all summer, gardeners work on the beds, take care of the plants, and now it’s time to reap the benefits. But the summer season does not end with the harvest. It is very important to restore the strength of plants and prepare them for wintering. They gave all their life juices to the fruits that gardeners enjoy, so we need to help them.
You can do this with fertilizers. This article will tell you how, which fertilizers to choose, and what plants to use.
How do autumn plant fertilizer work?
The compounds that gardeners introduce into the soil in the fall help plants survive the cold winter and gain strength before stressful temperatures. It is important to understand that the quality and quantity of fertilizer directly affects not only this year’s crop but also the next one.
Here is a simple example. Many gardeners have Apple trees that ” rest” about once every 4 years. Experienced gardeners remove a plentiful harvest of apples every season. What is their secret? It is in feeding. The fact is that Apple trees do not” rest”, but gain strength before the new season.
Plant fertilizer in the fall
Every gardener must help the plants survive the winter and restore their strength if they want a bountiful harvest next year. During the cold season and after the close of the season, plants can not independently get all the necessary nutrients from the soil. That is why you need to help them and fertilize them.
Why you should feed plants
There are several reasons why it is necessary to complete the summer season by feeding plants:
- prepare crops for wintering,
- increase winter hardiness, so that all plants survive the cold
- restore plants after summer procedures such as pruning, harvesting, pest control
- increase soil fertility
- collect a larger crop next fall
When exactly to fertilize
It is important to fertilize the plants before the onset of frost. The fact is that at low temperatures, plants slow down their life processes. The roots almost do not work, that is, they will not be able to get useful substances from the soil.
The ideal time for making autumn complementary foods is late summer or early autumn, after harvest. But you need to focus on your region and monitor the weather forecast.
Types of blooming fertilizers
Animal manure and bird droppings
Animal excrement is the best organic fertilizer. Yes, it is not very pleasant to work with it, but the plants will be very grateful for the next year.
Manure is obtained by processing feed in the gastrointestinal tract of animals and birds. Fresh excrement contains a huge amount of nutrients necessary for good crop growth.
This fertilizer has one drawback. Fresh manure contains a large number of eggs of worms and other parasites. But they are easy to get rid of by infusing or composting fertilizer.
It is important to take precautions when handling manure. You can only work with it in rubber gloves and a gauze bandage.
Mineral fertilizers are inorganic substances. For their production use:
- potassium and calcium
- nitrogen industrial
4 types of mineral fertilizers:
- On the basis of nitrogen. This substance helps to form foliage, promotes timely growth and development of the plant, and improves the quality of fruits. With this fertilizer, a measure is important. Nitrogen deficiency can cause poor harvest and growth, and a surplus contributes to Hyper-growth of green mass to the detriment of fruits.
- On the basis of phosphorus. These fertilizers are suitable for all types of soil. It is important to avoid phosphorus deficiency, this can lead to the appearance of small and gray leaves and unripe fruits. If there is enough phosphorus, the fruit will be sugary and delicious.
- A good source of potassium. Thanks to potassium, photosynthesis of plants occurs. This element increases the resistance of plants to climatic conditions, protects them from fungal infections. Potassium deficiency is very easily diagnosed. The edges of the leaves seem to dry out, becoming brown and dull, rather than bright green.
- Complex fertilizer. These are different mixtures of the elements listed above. The proportions may vary. You can also make such a fertilizer yourself by mixing two or three elements.
The compost humus
This is another type of organic fertilizer. You can also do it yourself right on the site. To do this, you need to make a compost heap. To make it look beautiful, you can build a square or rectangular container of boards. Ready-made composting containers are also sold.
In compost put:
- lawn after mowing
- weeds after weeding
- leftovers from the kitchen (cleaning and stubs of vegetables and fruits, eggshells, etc.)
All this rotts and turns out a mass rich in useful properties for plants. In the fall, it should be spread out under perennial crops, this will give an excellent harvest in the next season.
Peat is formed by dead particles of marsh plants. Its main components are decomposed plants and products of their synthesis. There is also a small amount of mineral and chemical substances present. Peat can be low-lying and riding. It is lowland that is most useful for bloom fertilizing plants.
Peat makes the soil more granular. It is as if it binds the particles of the earth into lumps. This improves the aeration of the soil, the earth passes water better, and the roots of plants grow easier and faster.
Ash from incineration
Ash is considered the best fertilizer. It contains potassium, phosphorus, and calcium. These elements are necessary for plants.
Ash can be used either from the stove or made specially. What is suitable for burning?
- tree branches
- stems and straw
Do not use image paper, glossy paper, rotten wood, plastic, or rubber to produce ash.
Burn raw materials should be in calm weather, without wind, so that the precious fertilizer is not scattered. It is most convenient to do this in an iron barrel.
Store the fertilizer in a dry room in airtight containers.
Crushed grass or sawdust
You can also add tree bark here. These fertilizers are suitable for both hard and sandy soils. They soften the hard ground, and help to retain moisture in the sandy one. Gradually, sawdust, grass and bark decompose and form a substance in which useful microorganisms grow. Also, this humus serves as an excellent habitat for earthworms.
Green manure or green fertilizers
This fertilizer is the cheapest and most environmentally friendly. Green manures are plants that are grown not for beauty or produce a crop. These plants are cut and placed between crops. Siderates rot and form humus – an excellent fertilizer.
This fertilizer is used only in the fall due to the fact that potash fertilizers contain chlorine, which acidifies the soil. In such a land, plants cannot produce a good harvest. But if this fertilizer is applied in late August or early September, the chlorine will be eroded during the fall and winter.
You can use both powder and solution. The first is used if there was a rainy summer, the second-if there was a drought.
How to choose a fertilizer?
A certain composition is suitable for each plant. You can not take any fertilizer from the above list and put it under all the plants in the garden. Each plant has its own top dressing.