Plant These 19 Fruits & Veggies In Your Garden And See Them Coming Back Year After Year
Gardening at home and having your own produce feels so rewarding. However, many gardeners put off this task when the season starts. But, no worries, there is a solution in growing perennial edibles.
Perennials can be grown with your regular veggies. After you plant them and accommodate them with soil, they request just a little attention, except for occasional pruning and weeding.This enables you to have something to look forward if you miss planting in spring or fall.
However, you need to have some tips in mind before you start with the perennial plantings. You need to select the varieties that do well in your USDA zone, i.e. ones that can adapt in your garden climate. Plant them interspersed with the regular plants, in order for your garden to be uniformly filled. Prepare the spot carefully and leave a lot of space between perennials ( this will enable perennials to multiply faster ). Plant a couple at a time so you will have a better control.
We present you 19 veggies and fruits that will grow perfectly in your garden.
1. Globe artichoke
This Mediterranean native plant, so called Cynara scolumus gives best results in warm climates. You can grow it only if you live in USDA 7 or more. You can harvest the edible flower buds from spring to mid fall. If you start from seeds, the flowers will be produced in the 2nd year, as well as in the next 3-4 years. As an alternative, you may use root cuttings from already established plants. Globe artichoke needs a lot of space and sun. This will enable them to grow faster. Large flower buds can be expected if you water and feed them regularly. It is advisable to use a potash fertilizer when their buds are formatting.
Asparagus is one of the most promising veggie that will come year after year for sure. It is a seasonable vegetable, and it can be grown from seeds, and only in 2-3 years, you can expect a lot of spears. The best would be to buy 1 year old crowns of hybrid varieties, or get some divisions from somebody already having these plants.
Asparagus is hardy to USDA zone 4. It is important to grow it in well-drained alkaline soil, and place it next to your tomatoes vines, because these two are beneficial companions.
3. Jerusalem artichoke
This American native plant, is called Helianthus tuberosus. Although its name suggest that it might have some connection to Jerusalem, it doesn’t. Its edible tubers have similar taste to globe artichoke. It is also close to the garden sunflower, which is mostly used by Native Americans.
This plant has dietary fiber inulin, that has the ability to lower cholesterol and has a chemo-protective ability. Inulin is also great since it helps in the growth of one of the most beneficial bacteria in the stomach. It is very easy to grow Jerusalem artichoke because you can grow it almost everywhere you want, and it gives many tubers every year.
Its name is Nasturtium officinale, or watercress, and you can grow it right from its seeds. You will end up with lots of them and you will even give some to friends and family. In garden stores, it comes with whole clumps or without roots, but when harvesting you will put only a few leaves from every clump. Watercress grows so quickly and all the time. Many people use it to add some crisp, peppery taste to their salads.
5. Tree onions
Tree onions are a kind of regular onions that grow in a bunch of bulbs. Since they grow bigger, they “kiss” the ground and start to have new plants away from the mother plant. That’s why they’re also called “walking onion” If you have a mixed garden, these onions are a perfect choice for you. Their leaves and underground leaves are eatable too. In order to plant them you can either divide a clump or use the top sets. You can plant them whenever you want throughout the year, even in winter, but make sure that the ground won’t freeze.
Rhubarb is a spring plant. It can’t stand temperatures above 90F, so it is a plant for cooler regions. It needs well-drained soil. You should plant rhubarb roots in early spring and keep the soil moist. You should also consider bigger space because it can grow up to 3-4 feet, and after this you should divide them.
These North American plants, also known as ostrich fern, should be grown in damp spots. Often, these plants are grown from the wild, and some of them might be toxic, so it would be best if you grow them in your own garden. They grow best in USDA zone 3 to 7, and will give you fiddle-heads in spring, if you provide them good care. It is advisable to buy plants from a reliable supplier, rather than growing them from spores.
8. Scarlet-runner bean plant
This plant is often grown for decorative reasons since it gives bright and red flowers. However, it has edible beans which are a great vegetable. You can harvest dry pods and get dry beans. You can add the edible flowers to salads and if you want color stir fries. If you start from seeds, these can grow as perennials in warmer places. New stems should appear in spring.
9. Potato bean (American groundnut)
Although it is a North-American plant, the potato bean mainly grows in Japan. It is a wild plant that grows in the USDA zones 4 to 9. It produces small strings and bean pods above the ground. It is also known as American groundnut. These tubers are full of nutrients and have high amount of protein. You can start the plant from seeds or tubers. Every year, it keeps coming back with more and more tubers.
The fennel is three in one plant: a spice, a herb and a vegetable. It has an aromatic scent and throughout the world people grow it for different purposes and in different places. Its seeds are sweet and spicy similar to anise seeds. Its leaves are mostly used as an herb to flavor dishes. You can grow it from seeds as a perennial in USDA zones 5-10.
11. Sweet potato
Sweet potatoes are usually grown in cooler climates, yet the vines can live in warmer places for many years. This plant spreads very fast and fills large areas. Its tubers and its leaves are both edible. You can cook the tender shoots like spinach. There are two ways you can grow sweet potatoes: either from rooted cuttings, or you make your own planting material and you allow the tubers to sprout. It grows in poor soil, but it offers plentiful harvest.
Dandelions will come to the same spot over and over again, even though you try to get rid of them. This is what makes them perfect for a perennial edible landscape. Their leaves can be an addition to salads or you can cook them as regular veggies. You can also make dandelion tea from its root or its leaves, and has anti-inflammatory and diuretic medicinal effect. Dandelions grow in all USDA zones, so grow them from seeds. In order to stop uncontrolled plants from sprouting all over your garden, you should harvest all of them before they set seeds down.
This plant has a lemony tinge that grows best in USDA zones 4 to 9. This cold hardy perennial can stand a couple frosts, but it will die, and will resurrect early in spring. You can eat its leaves raw in salads, sandwiches etc. People who made sorrel soup say it is an amazing meal you must try. If you plant them in spring, enjoy the leaves after the plants are established. Start small, because these spread fast. When the plant bolts, cut off the stalks because you don’t want them to spread all over your garden.
If you keep your plants mulched, a strawberry patch in your garden will be a great addition and give you rich harvest for some years. You can choose either a heavy yield or ever-bearing ones based on how big you want your harvest to be. Strawberries need sun and rich acidic soil. If you don’t have many sunny places in your garden, plant woodland strawberries.
These are a must-have for any edible garden. They are cold hardy to USDA zone 3, and don’t survive well in summer. You should plant rooted cuttings 6 feet apart, so that there is space for their arching canes. They need rich and well-drained soil. Keep in mind to water them regularly and use potassium fertilizers. Also, prune them regularly since this keeps the bushes healthy and makes berries bigger.The American gooseberry has better yield, while the European variety yields larger, flavorful berries.
This amazing plant is a mix of gooseberry and black currants. Both fruits best characteristics are combined together in this plant and give sweeter berries on spineless canes. They are also resistant to diseases that affect the parental species. They grow big, if you grow them in rich and moist soil. They start giving fruit in 2-3 years. Jostaberry come with large bushes so you need some space.
Raspberries are available during spring and fall. There are purple, red and albino versions of raspberries you can choose from. There are different cultivars that grow good in USDA zones 3-10. You can have several types, but it’s important to plant them 6-8 inches apart. They need rich soil and regular feeding.
Blueberries also deserve to be part of every edible garden. Once established, a blueberry plant can give berries for decades. You can choose from lowbush and highbush. Blueberry plants love acid. They grow best in pH 5 soils. The soil should be moist and well-drained. If you prune occasionally you can keep bushes healthier.
Currants can be black and red and the albino version of red variety. These are one of the easiest plants to grow. They are cold hardy plants that do best in sunny locations, in cooler places or in warmer places with partial shades. Currants produce fruits every year starting from 2nd year of planting. They prefer moist acidic soil. After you establish the plants, all you need to do is prune every year in order to keep their bushes under control. You can use their sweet fruit in many dishes, and make jams and jellies.
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